Police of Freie Stadt Danzig


Coat of arms from police "tschako"


To protect citizens and keep order in the city after the end of 1st World War police formation called Siecherheitspolizei (security police, short: Sipo) was created on 19th August 1919. In 1921 the government of Freie Stadt Danzig reformed the police and established Schutzpolizei (protection police, short: Schupo).

Helmut Froböss, president of police from 1st April 1921 r. to the end of Free City.


Police revirs played the most important role in police organisation in Free City. There were 12 revirs before 1926 and after the reforms their number decreased to 7.

Police revirs before 1926.

Revir's
number
Location
I Wiebenkaserne, Poggenpuhl (Zabi Kruk street)
II Atstädtischer Graben 51/52 (Podwale Staromiejskie street)
III Reiterkaserne, Wiedengasse 2 (Lakowa street)
IV Elisabethkirchengasse 1 (Elzbietanska street)
V Ohra, An der Ostbahn 8 (Orunia, Zaulek street)
VI Schidlitz, Kirchenweg 3 (Siedlce)
VII Husarenkaserne, Langfuhr, Hauptstraße 71 (Wrzeszcz, Grunwaldzka street)
VIII Heubude, Heidseestraße 37 (Stogi, Stryjewskiego street)
IX St. Albrecht 45 (St. Wojciech)
X Oliva, Am Schloßgarten 24 (Oliwa, Opata Rybickiego street)
XI Hindersinstraße 6 (Kasztanowa street)
XII Zoppot, Schulstraße 23/25 (Sopot, Kosciuszki street)
Registration points Location
Langfuhr Hauptstraße 144 (Wrzeszcz, Grunwaldzka street)
Krakau Düneweg 27 (Krakowiec, Kêpna street)
Troyl Troyl 2 (Przeróbka, Przetoczna street)
Westl.-Neufähr Alter Postweg 9 (Górki Zach., Lowicka street)
Weichselmünde Mastenstraße 1 (Wisloujscie, Parysa street)
Brösen Kurstraße 1 (Brzezno, Zdrojowa street)
Schellmühl Broschkischerweg 19 (Mlyniska, Wislna street)


Police revirs after 1926.

Revir's
number
Location
I Elisabethkirchengasse 1 (Elzbietanska street)
II Atstädtischer Graben 51/52 (Podwale Staromiejskie street)
III Weidengasse 2 (Lakowa street)
IV Fleischergasse (Rzeznicka street)
V Husarenkaserne, Langfuhr, Hauptstraße 71 (Wrzeszcz, Grunwaldzka street)
VI Zoppot, Gerichtsstraße (Sopot, 3 Maja street)
VII Neufahrwasser, Olivaer Straße 6/7 (Nowy Port, Oliwska street)
VIII Langfuhr, Heeresanger 7 c-d (Wrzeszcz, Legionów ave.)
IX Oliva, Am Schloßgarten 24 (Oliwa, Opata Rybickiego street)


The police revir no. 1 at Elisabethkirchengasse 1.


 Ausweis of a policeman from Schutzpolizei.


Uniforms

At the beginning, police in Danzig had traditional dark blue uniforms, which were used to 1st December 1924. In 1922 the new uniforms in gray-green colour began to be introduced. The summer uniforms had lighter colour of washed linen. The red circle with the number on the left arm informed about the police revir. Policemen wear traditional cap called "tschako", at the beginning in black colour, later gray-green colour. There was a big coat of arms on the tschako with sentence "Nec Temere, Nec Timide". In 1935, as continuation of Leibhusaren tradition, policemen wear dead skulls (Totenkopf) on caps.

Policeman in dark blue uniform.
Policeman in grey-green uniform.
Policeman in summer uniform.
Policeman in summer uniform.
Policeman in winter coat.
Policeman from revir 7.
Policeman in new uniform from 1935.
Policeman at Dluga street (Langgasse).
Policemen from revir 4.
Policemen at work.
Policemen during the official ceremony.
Schutzpolizei in barracks in Langfuhr.
Schutzpolizei at Grosse Allee.
Schutzpolizei in Langfuhr.
Schutzpolizei in Langfuhr.


The police orchestra (Musikkorps) was well known in Danzig and abroad. It was commanded by famous composer Obermusikmeister, major Ernst Stieberitz. The orchestra was created 9th April 1920 and existed to the end of Freie Stadt Danzig.

Police orchestra



Awardes given to policemen:

Polizei-Dienstauszeichnung
Award for police service

Established on 20 June 1938

Silver medal for 8 years of service



Silver cross for 18 years of service


Gold cross for 25 years of service


Based on "Policja Wolnego Miasta Gdañska 1920 - 1939" by Tomasz Sadowski